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6/5 Understanding the Covenant between David and Jehovah-Elyon

What days of glory King David must have known!  His heart’s desires were often fulfilled but along with sadness and grief.  His life was anointed and he was proclaimed a mighty warrior.  He brought many sons and daughters into the world, only to see his two sons fight over the rulership before his death.

In this post we will continue to follow the Covenant made with Jehovah and David.   A simple shepherd boy began another great chapter in the people of Jehovah, those He promised to give His Land to.

So what was David’s Covenant and the promised made to him?


Again Jehovah searches for a faithful person.  He reveals Himself as Jehovah-Raah, to a shepherd body, who would later write: “The Lord is my Shepherd, the One who cares and protects me from my enemies!”

The Words  of the Covenant:

This covenant is an irrevocable, unconditional agreement, again building on previous covenants:

1.  The promises:

Jehovah’s major promise is that of establishing a Seed, a House, a Throne and an eternal Kingdom, 1 Chronicles 17:9-15.  Everlasting Kingship is the central theme, fulfilled in Jesus as the Son of David: “ … and the Lord shall give unto Him the throne of His father, David, and He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever and of His kingdom there shall be no end”, Luke 1:32-33.  The overview of this covenant is as follows:

“Is not my house right with God? Has he not made with me an everlasting covenant, arranged and secured in every part? Will he not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire?”  (2 Samuel 23:5 NIV)

a.  David and his descendants were given more stable, appointed Land, an ordained place, fulfilled when Israel returned to the land after their captivity, Amos 9:8-12.

b.  They were given victory over their enemies.  David regained the lands that were lost and conquered all the Land promised to Abraham, 2 Chronicles 9:26.  David’s victories also point to the spiritual victory of Christ as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Revelation 5:5, Matthew 16:18.

c.  An unbroken dynasty of kings from David’s line.  Jehovah built David’s dynasty with an unbroken line from Solomon to Zedekiah, 20 kings in all.  It is interesting to note that none of kings from the Northern Kingdom of Israel were of David’s seed, Jeremiah 33:17-26.

d.  Promised ‘sure’ mercies when David’s seed committed ‘iniquity’.  Chastisement resulted but Jehovah would not take His mercy from them.

e.  Through prophecies, from David’s seed would come the Messiah.

f.  Jehovah would allow David’s son to build Him a Temple and a ‘seed’ house.

2.  The curse included:

As this was a covenant of blessing, no stated curse was given.  Some of the kings brought judgement upon themselves and their people for their wilful violation , 2 Chronicles 36, Jeremiah 22:18-30.  The final result of their seven cycles of disobedience was going into captivity for 70 years.  They were expelled from the Land and denied God’s blessings.


Three theories exist as to David’s kingly line now:

First, removal from the Land meant God’s promises were revocable.  Second, spiritual fulfilment is now in the Messiah’s rule, or 3rdly, David’s line was transferred by marriage into the secular British descendants of today.

Join us with our next post, as we continue to lead up to the Greatest Covenant of all – The Covenent between  Jehovah God and the Lord Jesus Christ!  This is the covenant we enter into when we become Jesus Followers!

As with the other covenants, faith and obedience were the main objectives of Jehovah, laying a foundation for the New Covenant believers.

Susanne Fengler, Blog Author

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