6/2 Background to the Creator’s Covenant with David

Welcome back to our series on the Covenants that Jehovah Elohim made with individuals.  In our last post, we began a quick review of this series and set the scene for the Seventh Covenant.  Jehovah Raah, the Great Shepherd of Psalms 23, watched as a young shepherd boy learned his lessons in the fields fighting lions and guarding his flock.

In this post, we continue after the death of King Saul, but before David was enthroned in Jerusalem.  As we have discovered with the past covenants, this one too, pointed to the coming Messiah.  It previewed His eternal throne, an everlasting King and a righteous people who have chosen God as their own.


1.  Review of History past

Last week, we saw that Israel could have entered the Land in 40 days.  However, Psalms 78 and 106 record their ungrateful murmurings and complaints.  Moses’ Law covenant exposed the human heart’s helplessness and inability to keep God’s laws apart from His grace.

Jehovah Elohim, The Redeemer Creator, planned to use Israel to show other nations His redemptive purposes, His character and His way of life – but, sadly the people of Israel failed to obey.

Last week, we saw Moses and the people were ready to enter the Land and conqueror their enemies.  This was the second generation from the slavery of Egypt.  They had been promised that Jehovah Nissi, our Banner in Battle, Exodus 17:15, would go before them.  Their enemies would be chased by by natural causes; they were not to have to do warfare with any of the inhabitants of the Land!

Israel had many great victories – and many great defeats.  Joshua proved faithful, the twelve tribes were assigned their portions of the Land and they set about building a new nation.  Jehovah planned to clean out the wicked, pagan practices of idolatry and child sacrifice from the land of Canaan and to provide a Holy Land where the Messiah could bring in the New Covenant.  However, we also know that the people failed to keep this covenant by not conquering all the land.

2.  We Continue The Covenant Story:

This period in Old Testament history is divided into three major divisions:

a)  The first section:

 The history of Israel is contained in the books of Joshua, Judges and Ruth, bringing Israel into the Promised Land.  These books list the division of the land and their conquests for some 400 years.

Jehovah’s plan was to “… drive out the inhabitants ….”  The people’s disobedient and wilful hearts defeated His plan.  Instead the book of Judges shows their defeat and the stumbling around in unfaithfulness.

b)  The second major division of history is recorded in the ‘Kingdom Books’. 

This includes the books of 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles.  It is this period of history when we are introduced to David, the shepherd boy anointed as king over the growing tribes of Israel.  However, even a series of God-appointed kings could not keep the people’s heart soft toward Jehovah.  Because Israel failed in their covenants, He had no other choice but to exile them for 70 years.

c)  In the third division of their history:

God’s people were allowed by Him to return to their homeland.  The people were then given the unshakable messages of the prophets.  This time period lasted 125 years, until the Old Testament closes in 400 BC.


 During this time, God’s chosen nation exhibits the beginnings of a  continually repeated five-step pattern:

1.         They follow their pagan neighbours and fall into idolatry,

2.         Their sin results in some form of servitude to a foreign nation,

3.         They cry out to God in their torment,

4.          He provides salvation through a judge (later a king),

5.         The People and the Land enjoys a period of silence and rest.

…..and then the cycle starts again!

This was the pattern for years, until Jehovah-Shammah, The Lord Ever Present, Ezekiel 48:35, pronounced His judgement.  10 Tribes went into exile to the Assyrians and 2 tribes, now called Judah,  went into Babylon


The people had intermarried, adopted the habits and idolatrous practices of the nations around them, including the practice of sacrificing their children in the fires of Molack.  Enough was enough and the God of Creation,  Jehovah Elohim, declared the nation ‘an adulterous wife’!

However, let us return to the story of David and his rise to power and their second King.  Join us for the next post as we see what history was life for this shepherd King.

Susanne Fengler, Blog Author


Print Friendly


Leave a Comment

CommentLuv badge