5/6c The Remaining Parts of Moses’ Covenant with El-Elyon

As we continue with the Covenant between Jehovah El-Elyon, there are other important parts we can learn from.  So continue with us as we see the Sacrifice used to sanctify the people, the seal given by Jehovah and the place where the Covenant was made.


No oath is recorded with this covenant.  The agreement was orally pronounced and later recorded in the ‘Book of the Covenant’, Exodus 24:7 and then later written into Exodus.

1.  The Sacrifice to ratify the Agreement

The people agreed with the conditions and sealed it by observing a covenant meal, eaten by their representatives in the presence of God, Exodus 24.  Sacrificial blood was sprinkled on the people and on the altar to unite them in their agreement.

The sacrifices included a complicated set of voluntary offerings: the Burnt offering, Meal offerings, Peace offering.  Other offerings were compulsory: the Sin offering, and a Trespass offering.  Further cleansing offerings were given for Leprosy, personal and family sacrifices, Festival and Sabbath Day sacrifices with ‘clean’ animals.

2.  The Seal of the Mosaic Covenant

Jehovah gave the weekly Sabbath to the Israelites as a sign of their covenant relationship with Him, Exodus 31:12-17.

3.  The Mediator of the Covenant

Moses and Aaron were chosen to mediate.  Later Joshua took the mediator’s place in leading the people.

4.  The Place of the Covenant

The Holy Place was the camp at the foot of Mount Sinai.  Every day, they gazed with fear and trembling at the cloud covering the mountain, Exodus 19:16-20.  The cloud signified God coming down and speaking with them.

Through Moses’ instructions, they provided material to build a complex tent or tabernacle for Jehovah to dwell in – patterned after the Heavenly Tabernacle.  On the day it was finally completed, they watched as the cloud, the glory of Jehovah, filled the tent.  Amazing: the Lord God of Creation had come to dwell with His people!


1.  This Covenant flowed together with Abraham’s Covenant

The covenant with Moses did not annul or replace the promises given to Abraham.  In fact, it ran parallel, or even added to the previous agreement with God.  They flowed together and co-existed side by side. Jehovah would continue to reveal Himself by the names He revealed to His people.

2.  The people were also given new insights to the God of Creation.  He would become:

a.  JEHOVAH-RAPHA – Exodus 15:26, meaning “The Lord our healer”.

b.  JEHOVAH-JIREH – Genesis 22:13-14, meaning “The Lord will provide”, stresses God’s provision for His people, Genesis 22:14.

c.  EL-ROI – Genesis 16:13, meaning “The strong one who sees”.

d.  JEHOVAH-NISSI – Exodus 17:15, meaning “The Lord our banner”.  Stresses that God is our rallying point and our means of victory; the one who fights for His people (Exodus 17:15).

e.  YAHWEH MACCADDESHCEM – “The Lord your Sanctifier.” Portrays the Lord as our means of sanctification or as the one who sets believers apart for His purposes, Exodus 31:13.

3.  The Creator shows Himself to be their All-powerful God

The One who stands against and delivers His people from their enemies, He is also a caring God – who is deeply touched by the inhumane treatment of His creature.  He is a forgiving, long-suffering and patient God who longs for the restoration of His people to Himself.

He is an orderly God who rules His people as a way of protecting them from their enemies.  He is a passionate God, rejecting apathetic, half-hearted worship.  He has clear insights on the idolatrous heart of mankind, knowing the results of sin and our destructive tendencies.  Check this link for The Charct4er of God


The Lord Jesus Christ fulfills the covenant with Moses perfectly, transferring the priestly functions of Aaron into the New Covenant.  He fulfils and abolishes the whole ceremonial and sacrificial system by His work on the cross.  Jesus brings us the righteousness that is not from outward works but out of a changed, inner heart.  Christ’s law of Love, written on our hearts, enables us to live the life that is pleasing to God, one that “… walks not after the flesh but after the Spirit …”, Romans 8:1-4.

Again, we build on this Covenant for the next covenant, the agreement made with Joshua as the 12 tribes enter into their ‘Promise Land’. 

Susanne Fengler, Blog Author

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